You might have seen electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in stores, in advertisements, or being used. But e-cigarettes, while ever more popular, are certainly not harmless. Created as an alternative to tobacco cigarettes, e-cigarettes are sophisticated mechanical devices created to provide you with the same highly addictive nicotine which is in cigarettes, with no other nasty effects of tobacco smoke.
In the past decade, e-cigarettes have become a far more than $1 billion industry in america, with more than 460 brands on the market. Many adults who use e-cigarettes are current or former smokers seeking to stop nicotine cravings, quit smoking, or lessen cigarettes. However, e-cigarettes could have a limited effect on helping people quit since a minimum of 75 percent of adults who use e-cigarettes also have cigarettes.1
And although most states prohibit the sale of e-cigarettes to people under the age of 18, more and more teens are employing them. In fact, recent surveys2 show dramatic increases every year in the number of teens who may have tried the best electronic cigarette in their lifetime, as well as in the number who have used them in the past month. This is at a time when smoking cigarettes are at an all-time low among middle and high school students.
With electronic cigarette use on the rise, the federal government is considering regulation of how e-cigarettes are created and sold. If this happens, e-cigarettes may be subject to rules on safety, advertising, and warning labels comparable to people who govern the sale of tobacco cigarettes. For the time being, however, consumers should never assume that the merchandise are sure to be safe or that claims produced in advertising are accurate.
As for the science on the risk of e-cigarettes as well as the possible benefits for current smokers, scientific studies are just beginning. But there is already a developing body of evidence showing that teens could be smart to never begin using e-cigarettes.
Nine out of 10 adult smokers started smoking cigarettes before age 18. It is because if people start smoking inside their teens, when their brains are still developing, they may be especially vunerable to the addictive effects of nicotine (and other drugs as well). Once someone is addicted to nicotine, it’s very difficult to quit. Early studies show a strong link between teens’ using e-cigarettes and smoking cigarettes. Researchers continue to measure electronic cigarette and tobacco-cigarette riqyus among teens to know the connection involving the two.
What Is the Effect of E-Cigarette Aerosol (Vapor) on the Body?
E-cigarettes contain propylene glycol, glycerol, nicotine, flavorings, water, and extra chemicals. Tests of the liquid in a few e-cigarettes also have found toxic ingredients, like formaldehyde (a chemical that could cause cancer). Health experts usually do not yet know the results of these chemicals on individuals who use e-cigarettes or who definitely are exposed to secondhand e-cigarette aerosol. Research is under method to measure exposure to nicotine and other chemicals through the aerosol to better understand the risks.
How Does Nicotine Addiction Affect the Brain?
Scientific studies are finding that nicotine might make animals’ brains more receptive to the results of other drugs. Some experts think this may be true for folks. If you have, a young individual who uses an e-cigarette or a tobacco cigarette might find other drugs, like cocaine, more rewarding. This “priming effect” on the brain boosts the chance of further drug use and possible addiction. To further study this possibility, researchers will track young people who use e-cigarettes to see if they are more inclined to become hooked on other drugs.